The Byzantine Collection comprises not only works of art from the Byzantine Empire (330–1453 CE) but also from cultures that existed prior to it and contemporary with it in Western Europe. Ancient Egypt, Greece, and the Roman Empire are among the notable predecessors of the Byzantine Empire, and these are represented by sculpture, ceramics, metalwork, and mosaics. Objects of the ancient world are grouped into themes such as Revealing Bodies and Objects of Cult and Sacrifice. These serve as a prelude to the presentation of Byzantine art, which is arranged into major thematic units that include Icons, Jewelry, both secular and religious, Ecclesiastical Silver, and the Imperial Realm.
The Byzantine Collection occupies three rooms: