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Primary Sources from the Rare Book Collection

A bibliography of primary sources for the Dumbarton Oaks Fall 2013 Symposium, "The Botany of Empire in the Long Eighteenth Century."

Follow the links in the bibliography to explore illustrations included in the online exhibit and find more information on the works and their authors.

Note that this bibliography includes abbreviated titles. Click here to download both the full and abbreviated versions.


A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z


Acuña, Cristóbal de, Mons. Acarete, Jean Grillet, and François Bechamel. 1698. Voyages and Discoveries in South-America: The First up the River of Amazons to Quito in Peru, and Back Again to Brazil, Perform’d at the Command of the King of Spain, by Christopher D’Acugna. The Second up the River of Plata, and Thence by Land to the Mines of Potosi, by Mons. Acarete. The Third from Cayenne into Guiana, in Search of the Lake of Parima, Reputed the Richest Place in the World, by M. Grillet and Bechamel. London: Printed for S. Buckley.

Aiton, William. 1810–13. Hortus Kewensis; or, A Catalogue of the Plants Cultivated in the Royal Botanic Garden at Kew. 5 vols. 2nd ed. London: Printed for Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown

———. 1789. Hortus Kewensis; or, A Catalogue of the Plants Cultivated in the Royal Botanic Garden at Kew. 3 vols. London: Printed for Georg Nicol.

Album of 70 Asian Fruit Paintings.  Possibly painted in Malaysia, Sumatra, or elsewhere in Southeast Asia, circa 1800-1850.

Album of Watercolors of Asian Fruits and Flowers. Possibly from the Philippines, circa 1800-1850.

Album of Chinese Watercolors of Asian Fruits.  Most likely by a Chinese artist working in Malaysia or Sumatra, circa 1798-1810.

Alyon, Pierre Philippe. 1787–88. Cours de botanique: Pour servir à l’éducation des enfants de S. A. Sérenissime Monseigneur le duc d’Orleans, où l’on a rassemblé les plantes indigènes et exotiques employées dans les arts et dans la médecine. Paris: Chez l’auteur et Aubry, graveur.

Aublet, Fusée. 1775. Histoire des plantes de la Guiane Françoise. . . . London and Paris: P. F. Didot jeune.


Baier, Johann Jakob. 1727. Horti medici Academiae Altorfinae historia curiose conquisita. Altdorf: Typis Jod. Guil. Kohlesii, Acad. Typogr.

Barham, Henry. 1794. Hortus Americanus: Containing an Account of the Trees, Shrubs, and Other Vegetable Productions of South-America and the West-India Islands, and Particularly of the Island of Jamaica. . . . Kingston, Jamaica: Printed and published by Alexander Aikman.

Barros, João de. 1561. L’Asia del S. Giovanni di Barros, Consigliero del Christianissimo Re di Portogallo: De’ fatti de’ Portoghesi nello scoprimento, & conquista de’ Mari & Terre di Oriente. . . . Venice: Vincenzo Valgrisio.

Bartram, John and Peter Kalm. 1751. Observations on the Inhabitants, Climate, Soil, Rivers, Productions, Animals, and Other Matters Worthy of Notice . . . To Which is Annex’d a Curious Account of the Cataracts at Niagra. . . . London: Printed for J. Whiston and B. White.

Bartram, William. 1791. Travels through North and South Carolina, Georgia, East and West Florida, the Cherokee Country, the Extensive Territories of the Muscogulges, or Creek Confederacy, and the Country of the Chactaws. . . . Philadelphia: Printed by James and Johnson.

Bauer, Franz Andreas. 1796. Delineations of Exotick Plants Cultivated in the Royal Gardens at Kew. London: W. T. Aiton, printed by W. Bulmer and Co. for George Nicol.

Breyne, Jakob. 1739. Prodromi fasciculi rariorum plantarum primus et secundus . . . accedunt icones rariorum et exoticarum plantarum aeri incisae. . . . Gdansk: Typis Thom. Joh. Schreiberi.

———. 1678. Exoticarum aliarumque minus cognitarum plantarum centuria prima: Cum figuris æneis summo studio elaboratis. Gdansk: Typis sumptibus & inædibus autoris, imprimebat David-Fredericus Rhetius.

Browne, Patrick. 1756. The Civil and Natural History of Jamaica. In Three Parts. . . . London: Printed for the author, and sold by T. Osborne and J. Shipton.

Buc’hoz, Pierre Joseph. 1781. Herbier; ou, Collection des plantes médicinales de la Chine: D’après un manuscrit peint et unique qui se trouve dans la bibliothèque de l’empereur de la Chine. Paris: Chez l’auteur.

———. 1776a. Plantes de Chine. Paris.

———. 1776b. Collection précieuse et enluminée des fleurs: Les plus belles et les plus curieuses, qui se cultivent tant dans les jardins de la Chine, que dans ceux de l’Europe. Paris: Chez Lacombe Libraire rue Christine et chez l’auteur.

Burman, Johannes. 1738–39. Rariorum Africanarum plantarum: Ad vivum delineatarum, iconibus ac descriptionibus illustratarum decas prima-decima. Amsterdam: Apud Henricum Boussiere.

———. 1737. Thesaurus zeylanicus, exhibens plantas in insula Zeylana nascentes. Amsterdam: Apud Janssonio-Waesbergios & Salomonem Schouten.

Buxbaum, Johann Christian. 1728–40. Plantarum minus cognitarum centuriae complectens: Plantas circa Byzantium & in Oriente observatas. St. Petersburg: Ex typographia Academiae.

Byam, Lydia. 1797[?]. A Collection of Exotics, from the Island of Antigua. London: White.

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Candolle, Augustin Pyramus de. 1799[–1832?]. Plantarum Historia Succulentarum: Histoire Des Plantes Grasses. 2 vols. Paris: A. J. Dugour et Durand.

Cap, Paul-Antoine. 1854. Le Muséum d’histoire naturelle: Histoire de la fondation et des développements successifs de l’éstablissement. . . . Paris: L. Curmer.

Castiglioni, Luigi. 1790. Viaggio negli Stati Uniti dell’ America Settentrionale, fatto negli anni, 1785, 1786, e 1787 da Luigi Castiglioni. 2 vols. Milan: G. Marelli.

Catesby, Mark. 1731–43. The Natural History of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands: Containing the Figures of Birds, Beasts, Fishes, Serpents, Insects, and Plants: Particularly the Forest-trees, Shrubs, and Other Plants. . . . 2 vols. London: Printed at the expence of the author.

Cattrani, Balthasar. 1780[?]. Collection de botanique. 5 vols.

Cavanilles, Antonio José. 1796. Elenchus plantarum Horti Regii Botanici Matritensis. Madrid.

Clusius, Carolus. 1605. Exoticorvm libri decem: Quibus animalium, pantarum, aromatum, aliorumq́ue peregrinorum fructuum historiae describuntur. Antwerp: Ex officina Plantiana Raphelengii.

Cobo, Bernabé. 1964. Obras. 2 vols. Biblioteca de autores españoles 91–92. Madrid: Atlas.

———. 1890. Historia del Nuevo Mundo. Ed. Marcos Jimémez de la Espada. 4 vols. Sociedad de bibliófilos andaluces: Obras publicadas, 1. ser. Seville: E. Rasco.

Commelin, Caspar. 1715. Horti medici Amstelaedamensis plantæ rariores exotiæ ad vivum aeri incisæ. Leiden: Joh. du Vivie.

Commelin, Johannes. 1697–1701. Horti medici Amstelodamensis rariorum tam Orientalis, quàm Occidentalis Indiæ, aliarumque peregrinarum plantarum. . . . 2 vols. Amsterdam: P. & J. Blaeu, nec non Abrahamum à Someren.

Cornut, Jacques Philippe. 1635. Canadensium plantarum, aliarúmque nondum editarum historia: Cui adiectum ad calcem Enchiridion botanicum parisiense, continens indicem plantarum, quae in pagis, siluis, pratis, et montosis iuxta Parisios locis nascuntur. Paris: Simonem Le Moyne.

Cowper, William. Poems. London: J. Johnson, 1782.

Curtis, William. 1787–1800. The Botanical Magazine, or, Flower-garden Displayed: In Which the Most Ornamental Foreign Plants, Cultivated in the Open Ground, the Green-house, and the Stove, Are Accurately Represented in Their Natural Colours. 14 vols. London: Fry and Couchman.

———. 1777–98. Flora londinensis: or Plates and Descriptions of Such Plants as Grow Wild in the Environs of London. . . . 2 vols. London: Printed for and sold by the author.

———. 1777. Linnaeus’s System of Botany: So Far as Relates to His Classes and Orders of Plants. London: Printed for and sold by the author.

Dampier, William. 1699a. Voyages and Descriptions, vol. 2, in Three Parts, Viz. London: Printed for James Knapton.

———. 1699b. A New Voyage Round the World, vol. 1, Describing Particularly the Isthmus of America, Several Coasts and Islands in the West Indies, the Isles of Cape Verd, the Passage by Terra Del Fuego, the South Sea Coasts of Chili, Peru, and Mexico, the Isle of Guam One of the Ladrones, Mindanaeo, and Other Philippine and East India Islands Near Cambodia, China, Formosa, Luconia, Celebes &c., New Holland, Sumatra, Nicobar Isles, the Cape of Good Hope, and Santa Helena. 4th edition, corrected. London: Printed for James Knapton.

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Darlington, William. 1849. Memorials of John Bartram and Humphry Marshall: With Notices of Their Botanical Contemporaries. Philadelphia: Lindsay & Blakiston.

Darwin, Erasmus. 1793–96. The Botanic Garden; A Poem, in Two Parts. . . . 2 vols. Dublin: J. Moore.

Desfontaines, René Louiche. 1800. Flora Atlantica: Sive historia plantarum quæ in Atlante, agro Tunetano et Algeriensi crescunt. 2 vols. Paris: Apud Blanchon.

Deville, Nicolas. 1753. Histoire des plantes de l’Europe, et des plus usitées qui viennent d’Asie, d’Afrique & d’Amérique. Où l’on voit leurs figures, leurs noms, en quel temps elles fleurissent, & le lieu où elles croissant. Avec une abrégé de leurs qualités & de leur vertus spécifiques. 2 vols. Lyon: Les frères Duplain.

Dioscorides Pedanius. 19[65]–70. Codex Vindobonensis med. Gr. 1 der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek. Commentary by Hans Gerstinger. 2 vols. Codices selecti phototypice impressi 12. Graz: Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt.


Ellis, John. 1770. Directions for Bringing over Seeds and Plants, from the East-Indies and Other Distant Countries, in a State of Vegetation: Together with a Catalogue of Such Foreign Plants as Are Worthy of Being Encouraged in Our American Colonies, for the Purposes of Medicine, Agriculture, and Commerce. To Which Is Added, the Figure and Botanical Description of a New Sensitive Plant, Called Dionoæa muscipula: or, Venus’s Fly-trap. London: Printed and sold by L. Davis.

La Expedición Botánica al Virreinato del Peru (1777–1788). 2 vols. Barcelona: Lunwerg Editores, 1988


Fermin, Philippe. 1765. Histoire naturelle de la Hollande Equinoxiale, ou, Déscription des animaux, plantes, fruits, et autres curiosités naturelles, qui se trouvent dans la colonie de Surinam: avec leurs noms différents, tant françois, que latins, hollandois, indiens & négre-anglois. Amsterdam: M. Magérus.

Feuillée, Louis. 1714–25. Journal des observations physiques, mathematiques et botaniques: Faites par l’ordre du roy sur les côtes orientales de l’Amerique méridionale, & dans les Indes Occidentales, depuis l’année 1707 jusques en 1712. 3 vols. Paris: Pierrre Giffart.

Forsskål, Peter. 1776. Icones rerum naturalium: Quas in itinere orientali depingi. Copenhagen: Ex officina Mölleri.

Forster, Johann Reinhold. 1776. Characteres generum plantarum: Quas in itinere ad insulas maris Australis, collegerunt, descripserunt, delinearunt, annis 1772–1775. 2nd ed. London: B. White, T. Cadell, & P. Elmsly.

Frézier, Amédée François. 1717. A Voyage to the South-Sea, and Along the Coasts of Chili and Peru, in the Years 1712, 1713, and 1714: Particularly Describing the Genius and Constitution of the Inhabitants, as Well Indians as Spaniards: Their Customs and Manners; Their Natural History, Mines, Commodities, Traffick with Europe, &c. London: Printed for Jonah Bowyer.

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Garden Amusements: For Improving the Minds of Little Children. New York: Printed and sold by Samuel Wood, 1814.

Garton, James. 1770. The Practical Gardener, and Gentleman’s Directory, for Every Month in the Year. . . . Dublin: Printed for H. Saunders, D. Chamberlaine, J. Potts, W. Sleater, and J. Williams.

Gofman, Petr Martynovich [Peter Hofman]. 1797–1810. Collection de curiosites du Royaume des plantes. 4 pts. St. Petersburg.

Gómez Ortega, Casimiro. 1797–1800. Novarum, aut rariorum plantarum Horti Reg. Botan. Matri.: Descriptionum decades, cum nonnullarum iconibus centuria I. 4 pts. Madrid: Ex typographia Ibarriana.

Griffin, William. 1806. A Treatise on the Culture of the Pine-apple. Newark: Printed for the author by S. and J. Ridge.

Gronovius, Johannes Fredericus. 1739–43. Flora virginica: Exhibens plantas quas v. c. Johannes Clayton in Virginia observavit atque collegit. . . . 2 vols. Leiden: Cornelium Haak.

Gumilla, Joseph. 1791. Historia natural civil y geografica de las naciones situadas en las riveras del rio Orinoco. 2 vols. New edition, corrected by Ignacio Obregón and Antonia Juglá y Font. Barcelona: C. Gibert y Tutó.

Hasselquist, Fredrik. 1769. Voyages dans le Levant dans les années 1749, 50, 51 & 52: Contenant des observations sur l’histoire naturelle, la médecine, l’agriculture & le commerce, & particulierement sur l’histoire naturelle de la Terre Sainte. 2 vols. Paris: Delalain.


Hermann, Paul. 1705. Paradisus Batavus: Innumeris exoticis curiosis herbis, & rarioribus plantis: Magno sumptu & curâ ex variis terrarum orbis regionibus, tam Oriente, quam Occidente, collectis, acquisitis, illustratus. . . . Leiden: Petrum van der Aa.

———. 1687. Horti academici Lugduno-Batavi catalogus, exhibens plantarum omnium nomina, quibus ab anno MDCLXXXI ad annum MDCLXXXVI hortus fuit instructus ut & plurimarum in eodem cultarum & à nemine hucusque editarum descriptiones & icones. Leiden: C. Boutesteyn.

Hernández, Francisco. 1992. Rerum medicarum Novae Hispanae thesaurus. Rome: Istituto poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato.

———. 1648. Rerum medicarum Novae Hispaniae thesaurus. Rome: Ex typographeio Vitalis Mascardi.

Hill, John. 1769. Hortus Kewensis. Sistens herbas exoticas, indigenasque rariores, in area botanica, Hortorum Augustissimae Principissae Cambriae Dotissae, apud Kew, in Comitatu Surreiano, cultas; methodo florali nova dispositas. . . . 2nd ed. London: Ricardum Baldwin.

Humboldt, Alexander von. 1852‒53. Personal Narrative of Travels to the Equinoctial Regions of the New Continent, During the Years 1799–1804. Trans. Thomasina Ross. 3 vols. London: H. G. Bohn.

———. 1850. Views of Nature; or, Contemplations on the Sublime Phenomena of Creation; With Scientific Illustrations. Trans. E. C. Otté and Henry G. Bohn. Bohn’s Scientific Library. London: H. G. Bohn.

———. 1814. Researches, Concerning the Institutions & Monuments of the Ancient Inhabitants of America, with Descriptions & Views of Some of the Most Striking Scenes in the Cordilleras! Trans. Helen Maria Williams. 2 vols. London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme & Brown, J. Murray & H. Colburn.

———. 1810. Vues des cordillères, et monumens des peuples indigènes de l’Amérique. 2 vols. Paris: F. Schoell.

Huquier, Gabriel. 18--. Livre de groupes de fleurs Chinoises. Paris: Huquier.


Jacquin, Nikolaus Joseph. 1770–76. Hortus botanicus vindobonensis, seu Plantarum rariorum, quae in Horto botanico vindobonens. . . . 3 vols. Vienna: Typis Leopoldi J. Kaliwoda.

———. 1764–71. Observationum botanicarum: Iconibus ab auctore delineates illustrarum. 4 pts. Vienna: Ex officina Krausiana.

———. 1763. Selectarum stirpium americanarum historia, in qua ad linnænum systema determinatæ descriptæque sistuntur plantæ illæ, quas in insulis Martinica, Jamaica, Domingo, alliisque, et in vicinæ continentis parte, observavit rariores. . . . Vienna: Ex officina Krausiana.

Juan, Jorge. 1773. Observaciones astronomicas y phisicas: Hechas de orden de Su Magestad en los reynos del Peru. New ed. Madrid: La Imprenta Real de la Gazeta.

Kaempfer, Engelbert. 1791. Icones selectae plantarum, quas in Japonia collegit et delineavit Engelbertus Kaempfer. London: Joseph Banks.

———. 1712. Amoenitatum exoticarum politico-physico-medicarum fasciculi V: Quibus continentur variae relationes, observationes & descriptiones rerum Persicarum & ulterioris Asiae, multâ attentione. Lemgo, Germany: H.W. Meyeri.

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L’Héritier de Brutelle, Charles Louis. 1784–85. Stirpes novae, aut minus cognitæ, quas descriptionbus et iconibus. 6 pts. Paris: Ex typographia Philippi-Dionysii Pierres.

La Billardière, Jacques-Julien Houtou de. 1791–1812. Icones plantarum Syriæ rariorum: Descriptionibus et observationibus illustratæ. 5 vols. Paris: Impensis Autoris.

La Condamine, Charles-Marie de. 1778. Relation abrégé d’un voyage fait dans l’intérieur de l’Amerique méridionale: Depuis la côte de la Mer Du Sud, jusqu’aux côtes du Brésil & de la Guyane en descendant la riviere des Amazones. New ed. Mastricht: J.-E. Dufour & P. Roux.

Lamarck, Jean Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet de. 1783. Encyclopédie méthodique botanique. 8 vols. Paris: Panckoucke.

Lambert, Aylmer Bourke. 1797. A Description of the Genus Cinchona: Comprehending the Various Species of Vegetables from Which the Peruvian and Other Barks of a Similar Quality Are Taken . . .  Also a Description, Accompanied by Figures, of a New Genus Named Hyænanche: Or Hyæna Poison. London: Printed for B. and J. White.

Lettsom, John Coakley. 1783. Hortus uptonensis; or, A Catalogue of Stove and Green-house Plants in Dr. Fothergill’s Garden at Upton, at the Time of His Decease. London.

———. 1772. The Natural History of the Tea-tree: With Observations on the Medical Qualities of Tea, and Effects of Tea-drinking. London: Printed for Edward and Charles Dilly.

Lindley, John. 1821. Digitalium monographia: Sistens historiam botanicam generis, tabulis omnium specierum hactenus cognitarum illustratum ut plurimum confectis ad icones Ferdinandi Bauer penes Gulielmum Cattley. London: R. and A. Taylor.

Linné, Carl von. 1767. Plantarum rariorum horti upsaliensis: Fasciculus primus, sistens descriptiones et figuras plantarum minus cognitarum. Leipzig: Impensis Siegfried Lebrecht Crusii.

———. 1755. Philosophia botanica in qua explicantur fundamenta botanica cum definitionibus partium, exemplis terminorum, observationibus rariorum, adiectis figuris æneis. Vienna: Typis Joannis Thomae Trattner, Cæs. Reg. Aulæ Typographi & Bibliopolæ.

———. 1749. Materia medica, book 1, De plantis. Secundum genera, loca, nomina, qualitates, Vires, differentias, durationes, simplicia, modos, usus, synonyma, culturas, praeparata, potentias, composita, digestus. Stockholm: Typis ac Sumtibus L. Salvii.

———. 1740. Naturae curiosorum Dioscoridis secundi Systema naturae: In quo naturae regna tria: Secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, systematice, proponuntur. . . . 2nd ed. Stockholm: Apud Gottfr. Kiesewetter.

———. 1738. Hortus Cliffortianus, plantas exhibens quas in hortis tam vivis quam siccis, Hartecampi in Hollandia. Amsterdam.

———. 1736a. Bibliotheca botanica recensens libros: Plus mille de plantis huc usque editos, secundum systema auctorum naturale in classes, ordines, genera et species dispositos, additis editionis loco, tempore, forma, lingua &c. Cum explicatione fundamentorum botanicorum. Pars prima. Amsterdam: Apud Salomonem Schouten.

———. 1736b. Fundamenta botanica quae majorum operum prodromi instar theoriam scientiae botanices per breves aphorismos tradunt. Amsterdam: Apud Salomonem Schouten.

Llano Zapata, José Eusebio de. 2005. Memorias histórico, físicas, crítico, apologéticas de la América Meridional. Travaux de l’Institut Français d’Études Andines 205. Lima: IFEA, Instituto Francés de Estudios Andinos; Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Fondo Editorial; Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos.

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Malaspina, Alessandro. 1885. Viaje político-científico alrededor del mundo: Por las corbetas Descubierta y Atrevida al mando de los capitanes de navío D. Alejandro Malaspina y Don José de Bustamante y Guerra, desde 1789 á 1794. 2nd ed. Madrid: Impr. de la viuda é hijos de Abienzo.

Martínez Compañón y Bujanda, Baltasar Jaime. 1978–94. Trujillo del Perú a fines del siglo XVIII. 9 vols. Madrid: Ediciones Cultura Hispánica.

Martyn, John. 1728–37. Historia plantarum rariorum. 5 pts. London: Ex typographia Richardi Reily.

Martyn, Thomas. 1794. Thirty-eight Plates, with Explanations; Intended to Illustrate Linnæus’s System of Vegetables, and Particularly Adapted to the Letters on the Elements of Botany. London: B. and J. White.

Masson, Francis. 1796. Stapeliæ novæ: or, A Collection of Several New Species of That Genus, Discovered in the Interior Parts of Africa. London: G. Nicol.

Meister, Georg. 1692. Der orientalisch-indianische Kunst- und Lust-Gärtner: Das ist, eine aufrichtige Beschreibung derer meisten indianischen, als auf Java Major, Malacca und Jappon, wachsenden Gewürtz- Frucht- Und Blumen-Bäume. . . . Dresden: Im Verlegung des Autoris, druckts J. Riedel.

Merian, Maria Sibylla. 1771. Histoire générale des insectes de Surinam et de toute l’Europe, contenant leurs descriptions, leurs figures, leurs differentes metamorphoses, de même que les descriptions des plantes, fleurs & fruits, dont ils se nourissent. 3 vols. 3rd rev. ed., corrected and expanded. Paris: L. C. Desnos.

———. 1730. De Europischen insecten, naauwkeurig onderzogt. Amsterdam: J. F. Bernard.

———. 1719. Dissertatio de generatione et metamorphosibus insectorum surinamensium. . . . Amsterdam: J. Oosterwijk.

Miller, Philip. 1733. The Gardeners Dictionary; Containing the Methods of Cultivating and Improving the Kitchen, Fruit and Flower Garden, as Also, the Physick Garden, Wilderness, Conservatory, and Vineyard. . . . 2nd ed., corrected. London: Printed for the author.

——— and Thomas Martyn. 1797. The Gardener’s and Botanist’s Dictionary: Containing the Best and Newest Methods of Cultivating and Improving the Kitchen, Fruit and Flower Garden, and Nursery: Of Performing the Practical Parts of Agriculture, of Managing Vineyards, and of Propagating All Sorts of Timber Trees. . . . 2 vols. London: Printed for F.C. and J. Rivington, et al.

Moench, Conrad. 1794. Methodus plantas horti botanici et agri Marburgensis: A staminum situ describendi. Marburg: In officina Nova Libraria Academiae.

Morel, Jean Marie. 1800. Tableau de l’école de botanique du Jardin des plantes de Paris, ou, Catalogue général des plantes qui y sont cultivées et rangées par classes, ordres, genres et espèces, d’après les principes de la méthode naturelle de A. L. Jussieu. Paris: Chez Didot le Jeune, imprimeur, quai des Augustins.

Malaspina, Alessandro, Cerezo Martínez, Ricardo, et al. 1987[?]–96. La Expedición Malaspina, 1789–1794. 9 vols. Madrid: Ministerio de Defensa, Museo Naval.


Pedanius Dioscorides and Otto Mazal. 1998–99. Der Wiener Dioskurides: Codex medicus Graecus 1 der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek. Glanzlichter der Buchkunst 8. Graz: Akademische Druck u. Verlagsanstalt.

Palisot de Beauvois, Ambrose-Marie-François-Joseph. 1804–07. Flore d’Oware et de Benin, en Afrique. 2 vols. Paris: Imprimerie de Fain jeune et compagnie.

Pallas, Peter Simon. 1794. Voyages du professeur Pallas, dans plusieurs provinces de l’empire de Russie et dans l’Asie septentrionale. Trans. C. Gauthier de la Peyronie. 8 vols. New rev. ed., with notes by Lamarck and Langlès. Paris: Maradan.

———. 1784–88. Flora Rossica, seu, Stirpium Imperii Rossici per Europam et Asiam indigenarum descriptiones et icones. 2 pts. St. Petersburg: E typographia imperiali J.J. Weitbrecht.

Plumier, Charles. 1755–60. Plantarum americanarum fasciculus primus[decimus]: Continens plantas, quas olim Carolus Plumierius, botanicorum princeps detexit, eruitque, atque in insulis Antillis ipse depinxit. Amsterdam: Sumtibus Auctoris, Prostant in Horto Medico, atque Apud Viduam & Filium S. Schouten.

———. 1705. Traité des fougères de l’Amérique. Paris: L’Imprimerie Royale.

———. 1703. Nova plantarum americanarum genera. Paris: Apud Joannem Boudot.

———. 1693. Description des plantes de l’Amérique avec leurs figures. Paris: L’Imprimerie Royale.

Pons, F. J. de. 1806. Travels in Parts of South America, During the Years 1801, 1802, 1803 & 1804. . . . London: R. Phillips.

Pursh, Frederick. 1869. Journal of a Botanical Excursion in the Northeastern Parts of the States of Pennsylvania and New York: During the Year 1807. Philadelphia: Brinkloe & Marot.

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Quer, Joseph. 1762–84. Flora española, ó Historia de las plantas, que se crian en España. 6 vols. Madrid: J. Ibarra.


Ray, John. 1724. Joannis Raii Synopsis methodica stirpium Britannicarum: Tum indigenis, tum in agris cultis locis suis dispositis; Additis generum characteristicis, specierum descriptionibus & virium epitome. Ed. Johann Jacob Dillenius. 3rd ed. London: Impensis Gulielmi & Joannis Innys.

Redouté, Pierre Joseph. 1802–16. Les Liliacées. Paris: Chez l’auteur, impr. de Didot jeune.

——— and Claude-Antoine Thorry. 1824–26. Les Roses. Paris: C. L. F. Panckoucke.

——— and Claude-Antoine Thory. 1817–24. Les Roses. 3 vols. Paris: L’Imprimerie de Firmin Didot.

Reede tot Drakestein, Hendrik van. 2003. Hortus Malabaricus = Malabar Garden. English ed. K. S. Manilal. 12 vols. Thiruvananthapuram: University of Kerala.

———. 1689. Malabaarse kruidhof: Vervattende het raarste slag van allerlei soort van planten die in het koningrÿk van Malabaar worden gevonden. Nevens der selver blommen, vruchten en saden. 2 vols. Amsterdam: by de weduwe van Joannes van Someren, de erfgenamen van Jan van Dyck, Henrik Boom en de weduwe van Dirk Boom.

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