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Bibliography on Gender in Byzantium

Icon of St. Peter by a Greek painter working in Macedonia or Serbia, c. third quarter of the thirteenth century. Tempera on panel, 93.1 x 61.3 cm.
Icon of St. Eudokia, excavated at the church of Constantine Lips. Archeological Museum of Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey. Inv. No. 4309

This resource started out as a bibliography on women in Byzantium, begun by Thalia Gouma-Peterson and maintained by Alice-Mary Talbot. Work on women’s history has recently been supplemented by studies on eunuchs, and a concern for masculinity, which together enable work on the Byzantine gender system. Nate Aschenbrenner has updated the bibliography with a database which we hope in future will be fully searchable. It is however at present a work in progress, and we ask users to please forward to us any omissions, and to bear with us until it is easier to navigate. If you have submissions for inclusion in this resource, please email us.

Primary Sources Available in Translation

  • Aetius of Amida. The gynaecology and obstetrics of the VIth century, A. D. Translated by J. V. Ricci. Philadelphia, 1950.
  • Amt, E., ed. Women's Lives in Medieval Europe: A Sourcebook. New York, 1992.
  • Bagnall, R. S. and R. Cribiore, trans. Women's letters from ancient Egypt, 300 BC – 800 AD. Ann Arbor, 2006.
  • Brock, S. and S. A. Harvey. Holy Women of the Syrian Orient. Berkeley, 1987.
  • Castelli, E. A., trans. Vita of Synkletike. In Ascetic Behavior in Greco-Roman Antiquity: A Sourcebook. Edited by V. L. Wimbush. 266311. Minneapolis, 1990.
  • Clark, E. A., trans. The Life of Melania the Younger: Introduction, Translation, and Commentary. New York, 1984.
  • Clark, E. A. Jerome, Chrysostom, and Friends: Essays and Translations. New York, 1979.
  • Comnena, A. The Alexiad. Translated by E. R. Sewter. London–New York, 2003.
  • Constas, N., trans. Life of St. Anthusa, Daughter of Constantine V. In Byzantine Defenders of Images: Eight Saints' Lives in English Translation. Edited by A. Talbot. 1319. Washington, D.C., 1998.
  • Corrigan, K., trans. The Life of St. Macrina. Toronto, 1987.
  • Cunningham, M. B., trans. Wider than Heaven: Eighth-Century Homilies on the Mother of God. Crestwood, NY, 2008.
  • Dagron, G., trans. Vie et miracles de Sainte Thècle: texte grec, traduction et commentaire. Brussels, 1978.
  • Daley, B. E., trans. On the Dormition of Mary: Early Patristic Homilies. Crestwood, NY, 1998.
  • Featherstone, J. M. and C. Mango, trans. Life of St. Matrona of Perge. In Holy Women of Byzantium: Ten Saints' Lives in English Translation. Edited by A. Talbot. 1364. Washington, D.C., 1996.
  • Fourmy, M. H. and M. Leroy. La vie de saint Philarète. Byzantion 9 (1934): 85170.
  • Gautier, P. Le typikon de la Théotokos Évergétis. REB 40 (1982): 5101.
  • Gautier, P. Le typikon de la Théotokos Kécharitôménè. REB 43 (1985): 5165.
  • Geanakoplos, D. J., ed. Byzantium: Church, Society, and Civilization Seen Through Contemporary Eyes. Chicago, 1984.
  • Gregory, B. St. Gregory of Nyssa: The Life of St. Macrina. Translated by W. K. Clarke. London, 1916.
  • Gregory, B. The Life of Macrina. Translated by K. Corrigan. Toronto, 1997.
  • Grubbs, J. E. Women and the Law in the Roman Empire: A Sourcebook on Marriage, Divorce and Widowhood. London, 2002.
  • Halkin, F., trans. Six inédits d'hagiologie byzantine. Brussels, 1987.
  • Hero, A. C., ed. The Life and Letters of Theoleptos of Philadelphia. Brookline, Mass., 1994.
  • John Chrysostom, Saint. Lettres à Olympias. Translated by A. Malingrey. Paris, 1968.
  • Kaldellis, A., ed. and trans. Mothers and Sons, Fathers and Daughters: The Byzantine Family of Michael Psellos. Notre Dame, Ind., 2006.
  • Kraemer, R., ed. Women's Religions in the Greco-Roman World: A Sourcebook. Oxford, 2004.
  • Kraemer, R., ed. Maenads, Martyrs, Matrons, Monastics: A Sourcebook on Women's Religions in the Greco-Roman World. Philadelphia, 1988.
  • Kurtz, E., ed. and trans. Zwei griechische Texte über die Heilige Theophano, die Gemahlin Kaisers Leo VI. St. Petersburg, 1898.
  • Oikonomidès, N., trans. Les listes de préséance byzantines des IX e et X e siècles. Paris, 1972.
  • Palaiologina, I., III, Princess. A Woman's Quest for Spiritual Guidance: The Correspondence of Princess Irene Eulogia Choumnaina Palaiologina. Brookline, Mass., 1986.
  • Paschalides, S. A., trans. O βίος της οσιομυροβλυτίδος Θεοδώρας της εν Θεσσαλονίκη. Thessaloniki, 1991.
  • Psellos, M. Fourteen Byzantine Rulers. Translated by E. R. Sewter. Baltimore, 1966.
  • Rosenqvist, J. O., ed. and trans. The Life of St. Irene, Abbess of Chrysobalanton. Uppsala, 1986.
  • Talbot, A., trans. Holy Women of Byzantium: Ten Saints' Lives in English Translation. Washington, D.C., 1996.
  • Talbot, A., trans. The Life of St. Anthousa of Mantineon. In Byzantine Defenders of Images: Eight Saints' Lives in English Translation. Edited by A. Talbot. 1319. Washington, D.C., 1998.
  • Talbot, A., trans. The Life of St. Theodora of Arta. In Holy Women of Byzantium: Ten Saints' Lives in English Translation. Edited by A. Talbot. 32325. Washington, D.C., 1996.
  • Tripolitis, A., ed. and trans. Kassia: the legend, the woman, and her work. New York, 1992.
  • Vinson, M. P., trans. The Life of Theodora. In Byzantine Defenders of Images: Eight Saints' Lives in English Translation. Edited by A. Talbot. 35381. Washington, D.C., 1998.
  • Ward, B. Harlots of the Desert: A Study of Repentance in Early Monastic Sources. London, 1987.
  • Wicker, K. O., trans. Porphyry, the Philosopher, to Marcella: text and translation with introduction and notes. Atlanta, Ga., 1987.
  • Wilkinson, J., trans. Egeria's Travels, 3rd ed. Warminster, 1999.

Secondary Sources

  • Abrahamse, D. Women's Monasticism in the Middle Byzantine Period, Problems and Prospects. ByzF 9 (1985): 3558.
  • Abrahamse, D. Byzantine Asceticism and Women's Monasteries in Early Medieval Italy. in Medieval Religious Women. Edited by J. A. Nichols and L. T. Shank. Distant Echoes. Edited by J. A. Nichols and L. T. Shank. 3149. Kalamazoo, 1984.
  • Acheimastou-Potamianou, M. The Basilissa Anna Palaiologina of Arta and the Monastery of Vlacherna. In Les Femmes et le monachisme byzantin: actes du symposium d'Athènes, 28–29 mars 1988. Edited by J. Y. Perrault. 4349. Athens, 1991.
  • Adachi, H. Women's Roles in the Miracles of St. Thecle [article in Japanese; English summary 214–215]. Journal of Classical Studies 44 (1996): 13039.
  • Adak, M. Claudia Anassa – eine Wohltäterin aus Patara. Epigraphica Anatolica 27 (1996): 12740.
  • Adam, P. Irène et les eunuques. Paris, 1907.
  • Adkin, N. Jerome on virginity: a commentary on the Libellus de virginitate servanda (Letter 22). Cambridge, 2003.
  • Adkin, N. Jerome on Marcella, Ep. 127, 10, 4. Bollettino di Studi Latini 29 (1999): 56470.
  • Adkin, N. A Further Misunderstood Passage in Jerome’s Eulogy of Lea (Ep. 23, 1, 2). Eranos 101.1 (2003): 15.
  • Afinogenov, D. The Bride-show of Theophilos: Some notes on the sources. Eranos 95 (1997): 1018.
  • Albane, T. Ὁι τοιχογραφία τοῦ ναού τῆς Ἁγίας Μαρίνας στόν Μουρνέ τῆς Κρήτης. Ἕνας ἄγνωστος βιογραφικόςκ´κύκλος τῆς ἀγίας Μαρίνας. Δελτ.Χριστ.Ἀρχ.Ἑτ 17 (1993–94): 21121.
  • Albani, J. Female Burials of the Late Byzantine Period in Monasteries. In Les Femmes et le monachisme byzantin: actes du symposium d'Athènes, 28–29 mars 1988. Edited by J. Y. Perrault. 11117. Athens, 1991.
  • Albarrán Martínez, M. J. El hábito monástico femenino en Egipto (siglos IV–VI). Collectanea Christiana Orientalia 5 (2008): 2334.
  • Albrecht, R. Das Leben der heiligen Makrina auf dem Hintergrund der Thekla-Traditionen: Studien zu den Ursprüngen des weltlichen Mönchtums im 4. Jahrhunderts in Kleinasien. Göttingen, 1986.
  • Albu, E. Bohemond and the Rooster: Byzantines, Normans, and the Artful Ruse. In Anna Komnene and Her Times. Edited by T. Gouma-Peterson. 15768. New York–London, 2000.
  • Albu, E. The Women of the Alexiad. BSCAbstr 21 (1995): 14.
  • Alcock, A. Women Cobblers in a 4th century Egyptian Oasis? Archiv für Papyrusforschung 46.1 (2000): 50.
  • Alcock, A. P.Oxy. XLIII 3150 Revisited. Archiv für Papyrusforschung 50.2 (2004): 18788.
  • Alexakis, A. Leo VI, Theophano, a Magistros Called Slokakas, and the Vita Theophano (BHG 1794). ByzF 21 (1995): 4556.
  • Alexandre, M. Early Christian Women. in A History of Women in the West. Edited by G. Duby and M. Perrot. From Ancient Goddesses to Christian Saints. Edited by P. Pantel. 40544. New York, 1992.
  • Alexiou, M. The Ritual Lament in Greek Tradition, 2nd ed. Oxford, 2002.
  • Alic, M. Hypatia's Heritage: A History of Women in Science from Antiquity to the Late Nineteenth Century. London, 1986.
  • Allen, P. Contemporary Portrayals of the Byzantine Empress Theodora (A.D. 527–548). In Stereotypes of Women in Power: Historical Perspectives and Revisionist Views. Edited by B. Garlick, S. Dixon, and P. Allen. 93103. New York, 1992.
  • Alston, R. Arms and the man: soldiers, masculinity, and power in Republican and Imperial Rome. In When Men Were Men. Edited by L. Foxhall and J. Salmon. 20523. London–New York, 1998.
  • Althoff, G. Family, Friends, and Followers: Political and Social Bonds in Early Medieval Europe. Cambridge, 2004.
  • Amélineau, E. Histoire des deux filles de l'empéreur Zenon. Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology 4.10 (1888): 181206.
  • Amoiridou, E. ῾Αγία Θεοφανώ ἡ βασιλίς: ἡ ζωή μιας αυτοκράτειρας, Ο βίος μιας αγιάς. Thessaloniki, 2006.
  • Anastasijevic, D. Jedina vizantiska carica Srpkinja. Bratsvo 30 (1939): 2648.
  • Anastos, M. V. The Coronation of Emperor Michael IV in 1034 by Empress Zoe and its Significance. in Το Ελληνικών: Studies in Honor of Speros Vryonis, Jr. Hellenic Antiquity and Byzantium. Edited by J. S. Langdon. 2334. New Rochelle, 1993.
  • Anderson, B. and J. Zinsser. A History of Their Own: Women in Europe from Prehistory to the Present, 2nd ed. 2 vols.
  • Anderson, J. Anna Komnene, Learned Women, and the Book in Byzantine Art. In Anna Komnene and Her Times. Edited by T. Gouma-Peterson. 12556. New York–London, 2000.
  • Anderson, J. The Illustrated Sermons of James the Monk: Their Dates, Order, and Place in the History of Byzantine Art. Viator 22 (1991): 69120.
  • Anderson, J. Eudokia Makrembolitissa’s Orthodox Miscellany, Paris. Gr. 922. Δελτ.Χριστ.Ἀρχ.Ἑτ. 29 (2008): 1722.
  • Anderson, J. The Vienna Dioscorides and Portraits that Tell Stories. In Ἀναθήματα ἑορτικά. Studies in Honor of Thomas F. Mathews. Edited by J. Alchermes, H. Evans, and T. K. Thomas. 3239. Mainz, 2009.
  • Anderson, J. and M. Jeffreys. The Decoration of the Sevastokratorissa's Tent. Byzantion 64 (1994): 818.
  • Angelide, C. Pulcheria: la castità al potere (c. 399–c. 455). Milan, 1996.
  • Angelide, C. La version longue de la vision du moine Cosmas. AB 101 (1983): 7399.
  • Angelide, C. Virginité ascétique: choix, contraintes et imaginaire (4ème-7ème siècles). Settimane 53 (2005): 67596.
  • Angelide, C. Une texte patriographique et édifiant: le Discours narratif sur les Hodègoi. REB 52 (1994): 11349.
  • Angelomatis-Tsougarakis, H. Women in the Society of the Despotate of Epirus. JÖB 32.2 (1982): 47380.
  • Angelos, M. Urban Women, Investment, and the Commercial Revolution of the Middle Ages. In Women in Medieval Western European Culture. Edited by L. E. Mitchell. 25776. New York, 1999.
  • Angelova, D. The Ivories of Ariadne and Ideas about Female Imperial Authority in Rome and Early Byzantium. Gesta 43 (2004): 115.
  • Angold, M. Church and Society in Byzantium under the Comneni, 1081–1261. Cambridge, 1995.
  • Angold, M. The Wedding of Digenes Akrites: Love and Marriage in Byzantium in the 11th and 12th Centuries. In Ἡ καθημερινή ζωή στο Βυζάντιο. Edited by C. Angelide. 20115. Athens, 1989.
  • Anson, J. The Female Transvestite in early Monasticism: the Origin and Development of a Motif. Viator 5 (1974): 132.
  • Archer, L. Her Price is Beyond Rubies: the Jewish Woman in Graeco-Roman Palestine. Sheffield, 1990.
  • Archer, L. The Role of Jewish Women in the Religion, Ritual, and Cult of Graeco-Roman Palestine. In Images of Women in Antiquity. Edited by A. Cameron and A. Kuhrt. 27387. Detroit, 1993.
  • Archer, L., S. Fischler, and M. Wyke. Women in Ancient Societies. London, 1994.
  • Ariès, P. Centuries of Childhood. London, 1979.
  • Ariès, P. and A. Bejin, eds. Western Sexuality: Practice and Precept in Past and Present Times. Oxford–New York, 1985.
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  • Arjava, A. Family Finances in Byzantine Near East. In Atti del XII Congresso internazionale di papirologia: Firenze, 23–29 agosto 1998. Edited by I. Andorlini. 6570. Florence, 2001.
  • Arjava, A. Jerome and Women. Arctos 23 (1988): 518.
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  • Arranz, M. Les Sacrements de l'ancien Euchologe constantinopolitain: 2ème Partie: Admission dans l'Église des enfants des familles chrétiennes. Orientalia Christiana Periodica 49 (1983): 284302.
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  • Berg, B. The Dowry of Thamar of Epiros. ByzSt 3 (1998): 96111.
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  • Berkey, J. Women in Medieval Islamic Society. Women in Medieval Western European Culture (1999): 95116.
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  • Biddick, K. The Shock of Medievalism. Durham–London, 1998.
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