Kandilli Garden

 
Catalogue
Ottoman Gardens
City
Istanbul
Country
Turkey
Dates
16th century 19th century
Authors
Nurhan Atasoy;
Seyit Ali Kahraman

Description

According to Evliya Çelebi (Seyahatnâmesi, 1:140b), there was a pavilion built by Murad III in this garden, which was first laid out under Süleyman I. According to some sources, Murad III had a terraced garden built from Akıntıburnu all the way up the hill at Kandilli. This garden, which was steep and rocky at the back, was looked after by a head gardener and one hundred gardeners. The terraces were planted with tulips and hyacinths. An account book from 1580 records Kandilli as being one of the gardens for which equipment was bought for repairs and new construction in that year. An imperial decree of Murad III dated 1584 shows that he had the garden renovated then. In Seyyid Lokman’s Şehinşahnâme (Topkapı Sarayı Müzesi TSM B200, 98v), the garden is depicted as a paradise with pools, cooling fountains, fruit trees, and planting beds full of roses, hyacinths, and jasmine.

Eremya Çelebi speaks briefly of this garden: Ahead was Kandilli. The sultan's garden here is worth noting (XVII. asırda İstanbul, 47). İnciciyan gives more information: Kandilli Burnu . . . here on a terrace is the place occupied formerly by an imperial palace. There is a wonderful view from the top of the hill. From here the Sea of Marmara, Sarıyer Mountains, and a large part of the snaky windings of the Bosphorus spread out in front of one's eyes as well as the picturesque Göksu Çayırı. It is said that one of the sultan's wives fell into the sea and drowned here (XVIII. asırda İstanbul, 129–30).

Following the destruction of Kağıthane during the Patrona Halil rebellion, Mahmud I often went to the Bosphorus. He was especially fond of Küçüksu and Kandilli and enjoyed relaxing there. Later, Kandilli was neglected and fell into decay. It was pulled down by Abdülhamit I and the grounds were divided up and sold.

In 1857, during the reign of Sultan Abdülmecid, a seaside house was built where the sea forms a bay from Kandilli Burnu toward Vaniköy, and a large wooden palace for Adile Sultan on the heights above the old Kandilli Palace. This palace, which had become a girls’ school, subsequently burned down. 

 


The text for this entry is adapted from Nurhan Atasoy, Garden for the Sultan, 318–20.

 
Catalogue
Ottoman Gardens
City
Istanbul
Country
Turkey
Dates
16th century 19th century
Authors
Nurhan Atasoy;
Seyit Ali Kahraman