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Mount Athos, Iveron Monastery, 83


Additional Information

  • Appr. Date: 10th c. (10th c. (913))
  • Genres: Biblical
  • Illustrations: No


Opiza Tetraevangelon
Parchment, 13.9 x 12.4 cm
Scribe: Grigol

From the Hellenic Ministry of Culture's Georgian website (see Online Resources):

"The four Gospels, according to Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. This is a priceless relic of ancient Georgian culture, written in hieratic majuscule script (asomt avruli). It was written in the Monastery of St John the Baptist at Opiza, an important philological centre in ancient Georgia which was renovated in the ninth century by the scribe who copied this very manuscript. He explains in a note that the text of the Gospels as presented here is a copy of an original 'which was faultless with regard to the text'. This indicates that the manuscript preserves one of the oldest and most authoritative Georgian translations and reflects the Georgian monks' precision in copying and transmitting the texts, as also their great respect for these. The first two Gospels in this manuscript are included in Beneshevisch 1909 and 1911."

Georgicum est: non legitur.