Bibliography

A selection of resources for those who would like to explore further.

Main Sources for the Church of the Holy Apostles

Eusebius of Caesarea

Eusebius of Caesarea. Life of Constantine. Introduction, translation, and commentary by A. Cameron and S. G. Hall. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1999.

Eusebius Werke. Vol. 1, pt. 1, Über das Leben des Kaisers Konstantin. Edited by F. Winkelmann. Die Griechischen Christlichen Schriftsteller der ersten Jahrhunderte. 2nd rev. ed. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1975.

Procopius of Caesarea

Procopius. Works. Vol. 7, Buildings. Translated by H. B. Dewing. Loeb Classical Library 343. London: W. Heinemann; New York: The Macmillan co., 1940.

Constantine the Rhodian

Legrand, E. “Description des œuvres d’art et de l’église des Saints Apôtres de Constantinople. Poème en vers iambiques par Costantin le Rhodien.” REG 9 (1896): 32–65.

Constantine of Rhodes, On Constantinople and the Church of the Holy Apostles. Edited by L. James, with a new edition of the Greek text by I. Vassis. Farnham, Surrey, England; Burlington, Vt.: Ashgate, 2012.

Nicholas Mesarites

Downey, G. “Nikolaos Mesarites. Description of the Church of the Holy Apostles at Constantinople.” TAPS 47, no. 6 (1957): 855–924.

Heisenberg, A. Grabeskirche und Apostelkirche, zwei Basiliken Konstantins. Vol. 2, Die Apostelkirche in Konstantinopel, 10–96. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs, 1908.

Selected Bibliography on the Church of the Holy Apostles

Angelidi, Ch. “Η περιγραφή των Αγίων Αποστόλων από τον Κωνσταντίνο Ρόδιο: Αρχιτεκτονική και συμβολισμός.” Σύμμεικτα 5 (1983): 91–125.

Asutay-Effenberger, N., and Effenberger, A. Die Porphyrsarkophage der oströmischen Kaiser: Versuch einer Bestandserfassung, Zeitbestimmung und Zuordnung. Spätantike, frühes Christentum, Byzanz. Reihe B, Studien und Perspektiven 15. Wiesbaden: Reichert, 2006.

Berger, A. “Streets and Public Spaces in Constantinople.” DOP 54 (2000): 161–72.

Dagron, G. Naissance d’une capitale. Constantinople et ses institutions de 330 à 451. Bibliothèque byzantine, Etudes 7. Paris, 1974.

Dark, K., and Özgümüs, F. “New Evidence for the Byzantine Church of the Holy Apostles from Fatih Camii, Istanbul.” OJOA 21, no. 4 (2002): 393–413.

Downey, G. “The Tombs of the Byzantine Emperors at the Church of the Holy Apostles in Constantinople.” JHS 79 (1959): 27–51.

———. “The Church of All Saints (Church of St. Theophano) near the Church of the Holy Apostles at Constantinople.” DOP 9–10 (1956): 301–5.

Epstein, W. A. “The Rebuilding and Redecoration of the Holy Apostles in Constantinople: A Reconsideration.” GRBS 23, no. 1 (1982): 79–92.

Fiaccadori, G. “The Tomb of Alexander the Great. An Outline for an Essay.” ParPass 47 (1992): 128–31.

Grierson, P. “The Tombs and Obits of the Byzantine Emperors (337–1042).” Additional note by C. Mango and I. Ševčenko. DOP 16 (1962): 3–63.

Heisenberg, A. Die alten Mosaiken der Apostelkirche und der Hagia Sophia. In Ξένια: Hommage International à l’Université Nationale de Grèce à l’occasion du soixante-quinzième anniversaire de sa fondation (1837–1912), 121–60. Athens, 1912.

Krautheimer, R. “On Constantine’s Church of the Apostles in Constantinople.” Translated by C. L. Striker. In Studies in Early Christian, Medieval, and Renaissance Art, 27–34. New York: New York University Press; London: University of London Press, 1969. First published in Mullus: Festschrift Theodor Klauser, edited by A. Stuidber and A. Hermann. Münster: Aschendorff, 1964.

———. A Note on Justinian’s Church of the Holy Apostles in Constantinople. In Mélanges Eugène Tisserant, vol. 2, 265–70. Vatican City: Biblioteca apostolica vaticana, 1964. Reprint in Studies in Early Christian, Medieval, and Renaissance Art, 197–201. New York: New York University Press; London: University of London Press, 1969.

Maguire, H. “Truth and Convention in Byzantine Descriptions of Works of Art.” DOP 28 (1974): 113–40.

Mango, C. “Constantine’s Mausoleum and the Translation of Relics.” BZ 83, no. 1 (1990): 51–62.


Magdalino, P. Studies on the History and Topography of Byzantine Constantinople. Aldershot; Burlington, Vt.: Ashgate, 2007.

Speck, P. “Konstantins Mausoleum. Zur Geschichte der Apostelkirche in Konstantinopel.” In Varia. 7, 115–66. Ποικίλα Βυζαντινὰ 18. Bonn: Habelt, 2000.

Webb, R. “The Aesthetics of Sacred Space: Narrative, Metaphor, and Motion in Ekphraseis of Church Buildings.” DOP 53 (1999): 59–74.

Modern Reconstructions of the Church of the Holy Apostles

Gurlitt, C, ed. Die Baukunst Konstantinopels, Berlin: E. Wasmuth, 1912.

Heisenberg, A. Grabeskirche und Apostelkirche, zwei Basiliken Konstantins. Vol. 2, Die Apostelkirche in Konstantinopel. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs, 1908.

Hübsch, H. Die altchristlichen Kirchen nach den Baudenkmalen und älteren Beschreibungen und der Einfluss des altchristlichen Baustyls auf den Kirchenbau aller späteren Perioden. Karlsruhe 1863.

Reinach, T. “Commentaire archéologique sur le poème de Constantin le Rhodien.” REG 9 (1896): 66–103.

Sotiriou, G. “Ἀνασκαφαὶ τοῦ βυζαντινοῦ ναοῦ Ἰωάννου τοῦ Θεολόγου ἐν Ἐφέσῳ.” Ἀρχ.Δελτ. 7 (1921–22): 89–226.

Wulff, O. K. “Die sieben Wunder von Byzanz und die Apostelkirche nach Konstantinos Rhodios.” BZ 7 (1898): 316–31.

Wulzinger, K. “Die Apostelkirche und die Mehmedije zu Konstantinopel.” Byzantion 7 (1932): 7–39.

Main Archival Sources for the Dumbarton Oaks Project of Reconstructing the Church of the Holy Apostles

Dumbarton Oaks

Paul Atkins Underwood Research Papers, ca. 1936–1950, MS.BZ.019, Image Collections and Fieldwork Archives, Dumbarton Oaks, Trustees for Harvard University, Washington, D.C.

The Byzantine Institute and Dumbarton Oaks Fieldwork Records and Papers, ca. late 1920s–2000s, MS.BZ.004, Image Collections and Fieldwork Archives, Dumbarton Oaks, Trustees for Harvard University, Washington, D.C.

Dumbarton Oaks Research Archive, ca. 1940s, MS.BZ.018, Image Collections and Fieldwork Archives, Dumbarton Oaks, Trustees for Harvard University, Washington, D.C.

Minutes of the Publications Committee and of the Board of Scholars on the Dumbarton Oaks Holy Apostles project, Dumbarton Oaks Archives, Dumbarton Oaks, Trustees for Harvard University, Washington, D.C.

Albert Mathias Friend, Jr. Paper, Dumbarton Oaks Archives, Dumbarton Oaks, Trustees for Harvard University, Washington, D.C.

Oral history interview with Irène J. Underwood, Oral History Project, Dumbarton Oaks Archives, Dumbarton Oaks, Trustees for Harvard University, Washington, D.C.

Oral history interview with Sarah Underwood, Oral History Project, Dumbarton Oaks Archives, Dumbarton Oaks, Trustees for Harvard University, Washington, D.C.

Harvard Art Museums Archives

Sachs, Paul J., 1878–1965. Papers, 1903–2005, Harvard Art Museum Archives, Harvard University

Indiana University Archives

Archives Photograph Collection

Smithsonian Archives of American Art

Erwin Panofsky Papers, 1904–1990 (bulk dates 1920–1968). Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

Princeton University Archives

Princeton University Press Records 1905–2004 (mostly 1940–1999). Manuscripts Division, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton University Library.

Albert Mathias Friend Papers 1913–1955. Manuscripts Division, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton University Library.

Österreichische Nationalbibliothek

Musiksammlung Wellesz F 13 Wellesz 1721

Personal Papers

Father John Tavlarides

Sarah Underwood