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Eustratios monk and kathegetes of the monastery of (St. Nicholas) Moliboton (eleventh/twelfth century)

Accession number BZS.1947.2.112
Diameter 24 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 5 no. 50.2; Laurent, Corpus 5.2: no. 1160 (no. 1161 on pl. 147). See also Wassiliou-Seibt, Siegel mit metrischen Legenden II, no. 2741.


Inscription of five lines. Border of dots.


Σφρα[γ]ὶς πέφυκε (μον)αχ(οῦ) Εὐστρατίου


Inscription of five lines. Indeterminate border.


τοῦ καθιγ[ί]του μονῆ(ς) Μολιβωτοῖο


Σφραγὶς πέφυκε μοναχοῦ Εὐστρατίου τοῦ καθιγίτου μονῆς Μολιβωτοῖο.

This is the seal of the monk Eustratios, kathegetes of the monastery of (St. Nicholas) Moliboton.


Μολιβωτοῖο (the final word on the reverse): a Homeric genitive. The obverse is a twelve-syllable verse.

The final letter of the second line on the obverse could be a horseshoe ligature (as the editors of DO Seals 5 suggest) or an eta or iota, which supports the alternate reading suggested by W. Seibt (BZ 100 [2007], 234): τοῦ καθηγέτου μονῆ(ς) Μολιβωτοῖο. This maintains the twelve-syllable verse without requiring the abbreviation of "kathegoumenos." The reading, with slight changes, is adopted here.

The monastery of St. Nicholas Moliboton was established after the middle of the eleventh century, and was located outside the Golden Gate. The chroniclers mention that Constantine X Doukas was buried in May, 1067, in the monastery of St. Nicholas, ἣ καλεῖται Μολιβωτόν (Skylitzes Cont., 118.4; Janin, Églises, 372–73). We seem to have reference to this monastery (τῆς μονῆς τοῦ Μολιβωτοῦ) in the typikon of the Pantokrator (Gautier, "Pantocrator," 123). It is a question of imposts and four pounds of hyperpyra owed to the Pantokrator.