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Michael Mouzalon (eleventh/twelfth century)

Accession number BZS.1947.2.1210
Diameter 17 mm


Half-length St. Michael, facing, holding the scepter in his right hand and the globus cruciger in his left. Inscription to both sides: Μ|Ι|Χ|ΑΗ|Λ: Μιχαήλ. Border of dots.


Inscription in five lines. Border of dots.


Τὸν Μουζάωναν Μιχαὴλ σκέποις νόε


Τὸν Μουζάωναν Μιχαὴλ σκέποις νόε.

O ethereal one, may you protect Michael Mouzalon.


The final Ν in the family name, given on the parallel of this seal but not on this one, is superfluous according to Laurent's interpretation of the family name, in his unpublished catalogue of the Shaw collection. He thus reads the name as Mouzalon not Mouzalonas, as has been followed here.

The apostrophe to the Archangel, calling him νόε (intellect), is, according to Laurent, a reference to his role as πρώτιστε ταγμάτων νόων, as he is known elsewhere (cf. Laurent, Vatican, no. 186). It here refers to Michael as both an ethereal being, and as a guiding spirit, the intellect (in the philosophical sense).

Accession number BZS.1947.2.1210
Diameter 17 mm