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Basil bishop of Berroia and synkellos (eleventh century)

Accession number BZS.1947.2.960
Diameter 14 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 1, no. 19.2.
Laurent, Corpus V/1, no. 468.


Faint outline of two figures, most likely an Annunciation scene. No inscription visible. Border of dots.


Inscription of five lines. Border of dots.


Σφραγὶς Βασιλείῳ συγκέλλκαὶ ἐπισκόπ Βερίας


Σφραγὶς Βασιλείῳ συγκέλλῳ καὶ ἐπισκόπῳ Βερίας.

Seal of Basil synkellos and bishop of Berroia.


The strategeia of Berroia is mentioned in the Escorial Taktikon (971-975; Listes, 265, line 32: ὁ Βεροίας). The river Axios/Vardar separated its territory from that of Thessalonica (Alexiade I, 29-30; Nikephoros Bryennios, Bonn, 148). The city, located southwest of Thessalonica, was conquered by the Bulgarians in 986 (or 989) but was retaken by the Byzantines in 10001 (ibid., 260). A tourmarches of Beroia is attested on a lead seal from Berli: Speck, Bleisiegel, no. 146; another specimen (Zacos, Seals II, no. 240) could have belonged to a tourmarches of Beroia or to one of Beroe; the same uncertainty prevails with this DO Seals 1, no. 19.1. Late in the eleventh century, Berroia became the seat of a doux (cf. Zakythinos, Mélétai 17 [1941] 237-38).

Berroia was a suffragan bishopric of Thessalonica (Darrouzès, Notitiae, 278, line 298) until the reign of Michael VIII, when it was raised to the ran of an archbishopric shortly after 1261 (Laurent, Corpus V/1, 342). The name of the see is not found in episcopal lists prior to the tenth century, but a bishop Ἰωσήφ...ἐπίσκοπος Βερροίας is known to have attended the synod of 879 (G. Chionides, Ἱστορία τῆς Βεροίας II [Thessalonica, 1970] 164; see ibid., 162-68 for a list of the city's prelates).