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Theodore episkeptites (?) of Kastoria (eleventh century)

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.1575
Diameter 20 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 1, no. 23.2.
Laurent, Corpus V/2, no. 1500 (completely different reading).


Bust of St. Nicholas blessing and holding book. Vertical inscription visible at left: |Ν|Ι: Ὅ ἅγιος Νικόλαος. Indeterminate border.


Inscription of five lines, decoration above. Border of dots.


Θεοδώρ ἐπισκεπτίτι (?) Καστορίας


Θεοδώρῳ ἐπισκεπτίτι (?) Καστορίας.

Theodore episkeptites (?) of Kastoria.


Laurent proposed the reading Θεόδωρος ἐπίσκοπος τῆς πόλεως Καστορίας, even though the first letter of line 3 is an Ε rather than an Ο. Moreover, he recognized that the letters ΤΠΠ (line 3) are problematic; and that strictly speaking they should be read τῶν πόλεων, the repetition of the letter Π signifying a plural. But since this did not make sense, he adopted the solution that the second Π may have been an error of distraction. It must be noted, though, that he had already considered and dismissed the reading ἐπισκεπτίτης. The reading that we propose is based on the assumption that the unexplainable double Π at the end of line 3 is in fact an error due to an engraver who did not know Greek: he would have misread on his original the letters ΙΤΙ and represented them as two Π's.