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Constantine ho tou Serviotou, protospatharios, mystolektes and eparchos ton praitorion of the domestikos of the Schools of the East (eleventh century)

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.2620
Diameter 27 mm
Field diameter 23 mm
Condition Corroded.
Previous Editions

DO Seals 3, no. 99.10.

Obverse

Inscription of six lines. Border of dots.

+ΚΕ̅,Θ,
ΤΣΔ
ΚΝΣΤΑΝ
ΤΗΝ,ΑΣΠΑ
Θ,ΜΥΣΤΟ
ΛΕΚΤΗ

Κύριε βοήθει τῷ σῷ δούλῳ Κωνσταντήν πρωτοσπαθαρίῳ, μυστολέκτῃ

Reverse

Inscription of seven lines. Border of dots.

ΕΠΑ.
ΧΤΝΠΡΑΙ
ΤΡΤΔΟ
Μ,ΣΤ,Κ,Τ,ΣΧ.
Λ,Τ,ΑΝΑΤ,Ο
ΤΣΕΡ
ΙΤ

καὶ ἐπάρχ τῶν πραιτωρίων τοῦ δομεστίκου τῶν σχολῶν τῆς Ἀνατολῆς ὁ τοῦ Σερβιώτου

Translation

Κύριε βοήθει τῷ σῷ δούλῳ Κωνσταντήνῳ πρωτοσπαθαρίῳ, μυστολέκτῃ καὶ ἐπάρχῳ τῶν πραιτωρίων τοῦ δομεστίκου τῶν σχολῶν τῆς Ἀνατολῆς ὁ τοῦ Σερβιώτου.

Lord, help your servant Constantine ho tou Serviotou protospatharios, mystolektes and eparch ton praitorion of the domestikos  of the Schools of the East.

Commentary

The eparchos ton praitorion of the domestic of the Schools of the East is a title that appears here for the first time. It is obvious that it has been invented following the model of the ancient praefectus praetorio in a period during which many protobyzantine titles reappeared for a brief time (e.g., augustalios, illoustrios, etc.). But it obviously had nothing to do with the praefectura praetorio that had disappeared long ago. Because the owner of the present seal was also a mystolektes (i.e., a jurist: Listes, 325, note 223), we would tend to consider that he must have held a position similar to the logothete of the praitorion of the eparch (Listes, 320; Laurent, Corpus II, 599-600): the judge and administrator of the seat of the domestic of the Schools, which could easily be called praitorion, since that term is also used for the seat of the provincial strategoi. It all suggests that he sat on a military tribunal.

From an administrative point of view, the term Anatole was used until the 10th century to indicate (a) the territories that had previously belonged to the praefectura praetorio per Orientem that is, essentially, all the themes of Asia Minor together with those of Thrace and Macedonia; or, more realistically, (b) the territories situated to the east of Constantinople, that is, Asia Minor. In the 10th century the army command of the East was separated from that of the West (that is, Europe), Listes, 329, 341-42; cf. Oikonomides, Évolution, 141-42 and AP 35 [1978] 300, 328-29. The seals published here (and some others, such as the one of the stratopedarches of the East: Zacos-Veglery, no. 2780; Lihačev, Molivdovuly, 104, pl. LXIII,9; Seyrig, no. 159; or the hikanatoi of the East: Seyrig, no. 154) show that in the 10th and eleventh centuries the entity called the East comprised only military commands.

It should be noted, however, that in some cases the term Anatole seems to have been used to indicate a strategos of the Anatolikoi (cf. Winkelmann, Ämterstruktur, 78-79); and several civilian officials defined as ton Anatolikon could well wave authority over territories covering the East, well beyond the boundaries of the theme (see DO Seals 3, § 86, nos. 86.9, 86.17, 86.34).

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.2620
Diameter 27 mm
Field diameter 23 mm
Condition Corroded.
Previous Editions

DO Seals 3, no. 99.10.

Notes

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.2620
Diameter 27 mm
Field diameter 23 mm
Condition Corroded.
Previous Editions

DO Seals 3, no. 99.10.

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