You are here:Home/Resources/ Byzantine Seals/ Search the Catalogue/ Constantine imperial protospatharios epi tou Chrysotriklinou and domestikos of the Optimatoi (tenth century)

Constantine imperial protospatharios epi tou Chrysotriklinou and domestikos of the Optimatoi (tenth century)

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.300
Diameter 23 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 3, no. 71.6.

Obverse

Peacock with open tail. Circular inscription. Border of dots.

κεοηθτσλκ.

Κύριε βοήθει τῷ σῷ δούλ Κωνσταντίνῳ

Reverse

Inscription of five lines. Border of dots.

ΑΣΠ
ΑΘ̣ˊΕΠΙΤ.ΧΡ
.ΣΟΤΡ.ΔΟ
Μ̣ΕΣΤ,Τ,ΟΠ
ΤΗΜΑΤ,

βασιλικῷ πρωτοσπαθαρίῳ ἐπὶ τοῦ Χρυσοτρικλίνου καὶ δομεστίκῳ τῶν Ὀπτιμάτων

Translation

Κύριε βοήθει τῷ σῷ δούλῳ Κωνσταντίνῳ βασιλικῷ πρωτοσπαθαρίῳ ἐπὶ τοῦ Χρυσοτρικλίνου καὶ δομεστίκῳ τῶν Ὀπτιμάτων.

Lord, help your servant Constantine, imperial protospatharios, epi tou Chrysotrilinou and domestikos of the Optimatoi.

Commentary

The theme of the Optimatoi, which appears in the sources in the late eighth century, encompassed the territory at the tip of Asia Minor opposite Constantinople all the way to the Sangarios. The name optimates initially designated an élite corps of foederati. But later, in this region muleteers were recruited for the army, no doubt in order to provide the necessary assistance to the regiments of the tagmata and for the imperial train of baggage when they had to move toward the eastern front. The commander of the theme was named domestikos, but he was sometimes called also strategos (no. 71.21), and had his own ek prosopou; later, we find also a doux or katepano of the Optimatoi, according to the eleventh century fashion of all provinces: nos. 71.17 and 71.25, cf. J.-Cl. Cheynet, "Du stratège de thème au duc," TM 9 (1985) 188; according to the model of the tagmata, the domestikos' second in command was named topoteretes (no. 71.31), while there existed no subdivisions, such as the tourmai or droungoi of the other themes. But so far as the other officials of civil administration are concerned (such as the anagrapheis, basilikoi, chartoularioi, judges, protonotarioi), the Optimatoi were identical to the other themes. There was also an episkepsis inside the theme (no. 71.22 below). On the other hand, we have extreme reservations about the existence of a kommerkiarios as suggested on the basis of a very poorly preserved seal (Laurent, Orghidan, no. 223).

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.300
Diameter 23 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 3, no. 71.6.

Notes

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.300
Diameter 23 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 3, no. 71.6.

Parallels

Related Content