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Romanos I, Christophoros, and Constantine VII (922/24–31)

Accession number BZS.1955.1.4299 (formerly DO 55.1.4299)
Diameter 30 mm
Condition Half of seal is missing.
Previous Editions

DO Seals 6, no. 59.1; Zacos–Veglery, no. 66a.


Half-length representation of Christ, bearded, wearing a himation. He has a cross behind his head. Circular inscription. Border of dots.


Iηsus Χ[ristus].


Three half-length figures, only the center and right visible: in center, Romanos I, wearing a crown surmounted by a cross and a loros; at right, Constantine VII, beardless and more diminutive, wearing a crown surmounted by a cross and a chlamys. Remains of a circular inscription at right. Border of dots.

. . . OF,CECOSˊR

[Romanos, Xrist]of(oros) ce Constant(inos) b(asilis) R(omaion).


Iηsus Χristus.
Romanos, Xristoforos ce Constantinos basilis Romaion.

Jesus Christ.
Romanos, Christophoros, and Constantine, basileis of the Romans.


Romanos I’s son, Christophoros, was crowned augustus by Constantine VII on 20 May 921 and died in 931. The dating is based upon a novel promulgated in April of 922 in the names of Romanos, Constantine, and Christophoros. Grierson has assigned to the period ca. 930 gold coins depicting the three emperors together together (DOC 3.2:8.1 [pl. 36]; BNC 2: p. 562).