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Nicholas bishop of Tralleis (eleventh century)

Accession Number:
BZS.1955.1.4668

Previous Editions

DO Seals 3, no. 38.4b.

Laurent published (Corpus V/1, no 268) a similar specimen of the IFEB Collection, probably from the same boulloterion; another specimen was part of the Sorlin Dorigny Collection (Sig., 260).

Details

Diameter:
17 mm

Obverse

Nicholas bishop of Tralleis (eleventh century)

Bust of St. Nicholas blessing with his right hand and holding a book in his left hand. No inscription visible. Border of dots.

Reverse

Nicholas bishop of Tralleis (eleventh century)

Inscription of four lines. Border of dots.

νικολ,
.πισκο,
τραλ
εον

Νικολ(άου) [ἐ]πισκό(που) Τράλεον

Translation

Νικολάου ἐπισκόπου Τράλεον.

(Seal of) Nicholas, bishop of Tralleis.

Audio

Commentary

This seal and BZS.1958.106.135 are very similar but definitely come from different boulloteria. They probably belonged to the same owner.

There are two bishoprics of this name, both within the Thrakesion theme, and it is impossible to attribute our seals separately to either one. Laurent assigned all seals with this placename to Tralleis of Asia without explaining the reason for his choice.

1. Tralleis of Asia (today Aydin) was a suffragan bishopric of Ephesos and appears as such in all notitiae. Its bishops are attested from the fifth to the thirteenth centuries. See Laurent, Corpus V/1, 186; Culerrier, Suffragants d'Ephèse, 159-160 (episcopal list); Zgusta, 630 ff; ODB III, 2103-4.

2. Tralle of Lydia (unknown site, close to the frontier with Phrygia) is usually spelled Τράλλης or Τράλλων in the notitiae where it appears as a suffragan bishopric of Sardeis (Darrouzès, Notitiae, index, s.v.). It is probable that this name has a different etymology than Tralleis. See Zgusta, 632.

The only criterion by which to distinguish between one and the other would appear to be the spelling. But even this cannot be considered a secure criterion: the form Τράλλεων is also attested for the bishopric of Lydia (Darrouzès, Notitiae, no. 4, line 161; no. 10, line 103), and the parallel case of Sardeis/Sarde shows that there was no consistent use of the first or the third declension forms. In order to avoid confusion between the two sees, the bishops attending councils noted in their signatures that they came from the Asian or the Lydian Tralleis. See Le Quien, Oriens Christianus I, 695-98.

 

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