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Theodore bishop of Oinaion (?) (eleventh century)

Accession Number:
BZS.1955.1.4681

Previous Editions

DO Seals 4, no. 83.2.

Laurent, Corpus V/3, no. 1739 (with misreadings).

Details

Diameter:
21 mm

Obverse

Theodore bishop of Oinaion (?) (eleventh century)

The Virgin standing orans. Sigla: ̅-θ̅υ : Μή(τη)ρ Θ(εο)ῦ. Border of dots.

Reverse

Theodore bishop of Oinaion (?) (eleventh century)

Inscription of five lines. Border of dots.

+θκεR.
θεοδορο
τοελαχισ
τ,επισκοπ,
τυνε

Θ(εοτό)κε β(οή)[θ(ει)] Θεοδόρο το ἐλαχίστ(ῳ) ἐπισκόπ(ῳ) τ(οῦ) Υνέου

Translation

Θεοτόκε βοήθει Θεοδόρο το ἐλαχίστῳ ἐπισκόπῳ τοῦ Υνέου.

Mother of God, help Theodore, most humble bishop of Oinaion.

Audio

Commentary

Laurent has read the fifth line of the reverse as συνε, but there is no doubt that the inscription reads τυνε (without an abbreviation mark after tau).

The place-name Oinaion/Yneon, that Laurent (Corpus V/3, no. 1827) searched for to the east of Naupaktos in Greece, is well attested in the Pontos (today Ünye) but this town is not mentioned  as a bishopric in the Notitiae episcopatuum. Only in one manuscript of Darrouzès, Notitiae no. 10 (l. 242, apparatus) Oinaion is mentioned as a bishopric of Neokaisareia in the place normally reserved to Rhizaion, a bishopric that is located some 300 km to its east. But this seal and BZS.1955.1.2057 are quite legible and certainly were struck at very different points in time. So we propose the hypothesis that the pontic Oinaion, the importance of which increased with time, may have become the seat of the neighboring bishop of Polemonion and that the name of the place where the prelate was, at times, living, may have appeared on some seals, without making its way into the official notitiae.  Something similar seems to have happened in the XVIIth century: Chrysanthos, metr. of Trebizond, Ἡ ἐκκλησία τῆς Τραπεζοῦντος, AP 4-5 (1936) 711.

 

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