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Theodore or Theodosios bishop of Trebizond (tenth century)

Accession Number:
BZS.1955.1.4683

Previous Editions

DO Seals 4, no. 39.3a.

A similar seal in the Vienna Collection, from a different boulloterion, was published by Laurent, "Succession épiscopale," 81-84 (= Laurent, Corpus V/1, no. 660).

Details

Diameter:
27 mm

Obverse

Theodore or Theodosios bishop of Trebizond (tenth century)

Bust of St. Theodore (or Theodosios) wearing a cloak and holding a martyr's cross before him in his right hand. Inscription in two columns: ο|θε|ο-δ|ο : Ὁ (ἅγιος) Θεόδο(ρος) or Θεοδό(σιος). Circular inscription, beginning at seven o'clock. Border of dots.

..γεθεοδορετσδ

[Ἅ]γ(ι)ε Θεόδορε β(οήθει) τῷ σ(ῷ) δ(ούλῳ)

Reverse

Theodore or Theodosios bishop of Trebizond (tenth century)

Inscription of four lines, a decoration below. Border of dots.

+θεο.
.επισ
..πτρα
.εζντ

Θεο[δ]ώ[ρ]ῳ (or Θεοδοσίῳ) ἐπισ[κό]πῳ Τρα[π]εζοῦντ(ος)

Translation

Ἅγιε Θεόδορε βοήθει τῷ σῷ δούλῳ Θεοδώρῳ or Θεοδοσίῳ ἐπισκόπῳ Τραπεζοῦντος.

St Theodore, help your servant Theodore (or Theodosios), bishop of Trebizond.

Audio

Commentary

This seal and BZS.1951.31.5.3220 come from the same boulloterion.

The date of the seal to the late tenth century seems secure. It would appear, in accordance with Laurent, that the owner used the title ἐπίσκοπος (and not μητροπολίτης) in the sense “bishop” of the metropolis. Note that the engraver has also omitted the verb βοήθει in the invocation of the obverse.

 

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