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Niketas proedros (=bishop) of Makre (twelfth century)

Accession Number:
BZS.1955.1.5021

Previous Editions

DO Seals 1, no. 56.2a.
Cf. Laurent, Corpus V/3, no. 1772, where the seal is incorrectly attributed to a metropolitan of Rhodes.

Details

Diameter:
21 mm

Obverse

Niketas proedros (=bishop) of Makre (twelfth century)

The Virgin seated on a high-backed throne, holding medallion of Christ before her. Sigla: ΜΡ̅Θ̅. : Μήτηρ Θεο. Border of dots.

Reverse

Niketas proedros (=bishop) of Makre (twelfth century)

Inscription of five lines, cross above. Border of dots.


ΣΦΡΑΓΙΣ
ΝΙΚΗΤΑΤ
ΠΡΟΕΔΡΟΥ
ΤΗΣΜΑ
ΚΡΗΣ

Σφραγὶς Νικήτα τοῦ προέδρου τῆς Μάκρης

Translation

Σφραγὶς Νικήτα τοῦ προέδρου τῆς Μάκρης.

Seal of Niketas, bishop of Makre.

Audio

Commentary

The inscription consists of a twelve-syllable verse. Laurent did not recognize the medallion of Christ on the obverse and read the reverse inscription as Σφραγὶς Νικήτα τοῦ προέδρου τῆς νήσου Ῥόδου.

Makre of the Rhodopes is located about eight miles west of Alexandroupolis, opposite the island of Samothrace. The town was a bishopric at least as early as 879 and appears in Darrouzès, Notitiae, 285, line 597, and in subsequent lists until the thirteenth century, as a suffragan of Traïanoupolis. It became a metropolis for a short time in the fourteenth century: Laurent, Corpus V/1, 526; Asdracha, Rhodopes, 117-18, 194, 238; BNJ 23 (1979) 30-31.

A homonym was Makre of Lykia, a suffragan of Myra. Since both were simple bishoprics it is difficult to distinguish one see from the other. We note, however, that our seals of Niketas and Nikephoros appear to be of the late eleventh-twelfth century and as such should belong to bishops of Makre of the Rhodopes.

 

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