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Theodore Beriboes, protospatharios and strategos (eleventh century)

Accession Number:
BZS.1958.106.2540

Previous Editions

Oikonomides, “Usual Lead Seal,” 149–50, figs. 1b (obv.) and 2b (rev.)

Details

Diameter:
23 mm
Condition:
Blank too small. Struck off center

Obverse

Theodore Beriboes, protospatharios and strategos (eleventh century)

Bust of St. Theodore, wearing chlamys and holding a spear in his right hand and a shield in his left. Vertical inscription: |ΘΕ|Ο – ̣|Ω|Ρ,—Ὁ (ἅγιος) Θεόδωρ(ος). Circular inscription beginning at 7 o'clock. Border of dots.

κεrοηθιτσλ

Κύριε βοήθι τῷ σῷ δούλ

Reverse

Theodore Beriboes, protospatharios and strategos (eleventh century)

Inscription of five lines, preceded by an ornament. Border of dots.

θεο
ρ,σπθ,
sστρτι,
τrερη
rοη

Θεοδώρ πρωτοσπαθαρίῳ καὶ στρατιγῷ τῷ Βερηβόῃ

Translation

Κύριε βοήθι τῷ σῷ δούλῳ Θεοδώρῳ πρωτοσπαθαρίῳ καὶ στρατιγῷ τῷ Βερηβόῃ.

Lord, help your servant Theodore Beriboes, protospatharios and strategos.

Audio

Commentary

A certain Beriboes was strategos of Chios and defeated a party of Arab pirates in 1028; but as his first name is not attested, we cannot say whether he is identical with the owner of our seal; see Skylitzes, Synopsis historiarum, 373. Another Beriboes, a seditious Vlach (no first name mentioned), lived in Larissa under the reign of Constantine X Doukas (1057–67), but he was certainly not a strategos; Litavrin, Sovety i rasskazy Kekavmena, 256 and 527, n. 937 (Slavic etymology of the name). Two other members of the same family, Manuel and Nikephoros, are attested in the letters of Michael Choniates: they belonged to the aristocracy of southern Greece at the beginning of the thirteenth century; Stadtmüller, Michael Choniaties, Metropolit von Athen, 193, 258, 262, 263, 266, 273.

This is one of eighteen specimens from the same boulleterion belonging to Theodore Beriboes in the Dumbarton Oaks and Fogg collections.

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