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Anthes imperial spatharios and tourmarches of Adramyttion (eighth/ninth century)

Accession Number:
BZS.1958.106.3023

Previous Editions

DO Seals 3, no. 3.2.

Zacos-Veglery, no. 1722.

Details

Diameter:
30 mm

Obverse

Anthes imperial spatharios and tourmarches of Adramyttion (eighth/ninth century)

Cruciform invocative monogram (type V). In the quarters: τ-σ|ου-λ. Wreath border.

Θεοτόκε βοήθει τῷ σῷ δούλῳ

Reverse

Anthes imperial spatharios and tourmarches of Adramyttion (eighth/ninth century)

Inscription of five lines. Wreath border.

+νθη
β/σπθ/S
τουρμρχˊ
δρμυ
τι/

Ἄνθῃ β(ασιλικῷ) σπαθ(αρίῳ) (καὶ) τουρμάρχ(ῃ) Ἀδραμυτί(ου).

Translation

Θεοτόκε βοήθει τῷ σῷ δούλῳ Ἄνθῃ βασιλικῷ σπαθαρίῳ καὶ τουρμάρχῃ Ἀδραμυτίου.

Mother of God, help your servant Anthes, imperial spatharios and tourmarches of Adramyttion.

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Commentary

The present seal is almost certainly earlier than the appointment of strategioi of Samos and the Aigaion Pelagos. We may therefore conclude that either Anthes was a cavalry tourmarches under the command of the strategos of the Thrakesioi or a tourmarches under the command of a droungarios – but we know of no parallel case. Alternatively, he may have been subordinate to the eighth-century strategos of Samos (DO Seals 2, no. 44.10).

Adramyttion or Atramyttion (modern Edremit) was an important naval base, part of the Thrakesion; after the creation of the theme of Samos, between 843 and 899, Adramyttion with the littoral became the seat of one of its tourmai (De Them., chap. XVI, line 15) while the interior belonged to the strategos of the Thrakesion, who also had, at least in the ninth century, a tourmarches at Adramyttion. The see, a suffragan of Ephesos, was first attested in 431 and appears in all the notitiae.See Laurent, Corpus V/1, 190; Culerrier, Suffragants d'Ephèse, 153 (episcopal list); ODB I, 227.

 

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