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Kosmas horreiarios of Smyrna (eleventh century)

Accession number BZS.1958.106.5169
Diameter 20 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 3, no. 35.2.


Bust of St. Panteleimon holding a scalpel in his right hand and a physician's box in his left hand. Vertical inscription: τ-ε|λε|ημ|ο, : [Ὁ (ἅγιος) Παν]τελεήμο(ν). Border of dots.


Inscription of four lines. No visible border.


Κ(ύρι)ε β(οή)θ(ει) Κοσμᾷ ὡριαρίῳ Σμύρ[ν(ης)].


Κύριε βοήθει Κοσμᾷ ὡριαρίῳ Σμύρνης.

Lord, help Kosmas, horreiarios of Smyrna.


It is interesting that a person named Kosmas after one of the Anargyroi ("not in it for the money") saints, chose another anargyros, St. Panteleimon, to decorate his seal. See ODB I, 85 and III, 1572-73.

Smyrna (modern Izmir) was an important city, port, and economic center of the province of Asia, and served in the tenth century as residence of the strategos of Samos (De Them., chap. XVI, line 16). It had a hinterland with extensive agricultural production that is illustrated by our seals of horreiarioi.

At first, Smyrna was a simple bishopric of Ephesos, but then (mid-fifth century) it became an autocephalous archbishopric. Finally it is attested as a metropolis from 869 onward. This evolution is reflected in the notitiae.

See Laurent, Corpus V/1, 563; Arhweiler, Smyrne, passim; Brandes, Städte, 126-26; ODB III, 1919-20.