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George skribon and general kommerkiarios of the apotheke of Asia, Chios, and Lesbos (690/91)

Accession Number:
BZS.1958.106.676

Previous Editions

DO Seals 2, no. 51.3.
Zacos-Veglery, no. 168.

Details

Diameter:
31 mm
Condition:
Chipped and corroded.

Obverse

George skribon and general kommerkiarios of the apotheke of Asia, Chios, and Lesbos (690/91)

Lightly-bearded Justinian II, standing, holding the globus cruciger. On either side the indiction signs: Δ. Within a wreath border, a circular inscription starting at 1 o'clock.

ΓΕΡΓΙΣΚΡΙΒΝ

νδικτιὼν δˊ

Γεωργίῳ σκρίβωνι

Reverse

George skribon and general kommerkiarios of the apotheke of Asia, Chios, and Lesbos (690/91)

Inscription of six lines. No border visible.

ΓΕΝ.
ΚΚ...
ΕΡΚΙΑΡΙΑ
ΠΟΘΗΚΗΣ
ΑΣΙΑΣΧΙ
ΛΕΣΒ

καὶ γενικοῦ κομμερκιαρίου ἀποθήκης Ἀσίας, Χίου καὶ Λέσβου

Translation

Ἰνδικτιὼν δˊ.

Γεωργίῳ σκρίβωνι καὶ γενικοῦ κομμερκιαρίου ἀποθήκης Ἀσίας, Χίου καὶ Λέσβου.

Indiction 4.

George skribon and general kommerkiarios of the apotheke of Asia, Chios, and Lesbos.

Audio

Commentary

Zacos-Veglery rightly identified the emperor as Justinian II and dated the seal 690/91, a date supported by the owner's career (cf. Zacos-Veglery, 152-54, table 8).

The main city of the island of Lesbos, Mytilene, gave its name to the whole island before the 6th century, but the old name was also used concurrently. The second city of the island was Methmyna (see DO Seals 2, § 52).

In the 9th century, the island of Mytilene constituted a separate fiscal entity, with a separate dioiketes (nos. DO Seals 2, 51.1 and 51.2, and Zacos-Veglery, no. 3135); by the middle of the century it seems to have become the seat of a strategos (AnalBoll 18 [1899] 253, 258: undoubtedly of the Aigaion Pelagos), and from an archbishopric it became the seat of a metropolitan (in the second half of the 9th century: Laurent, Corpus V/1, 573). The existence of imperial domains constituting a kouratoreia can be deduced from our seals DO Seals 2, 51.4 and 51.5. In the 11th century, the kourator was a certain moment entrusted (temporarily?) with the administration and the defense of the island (Alexiade II, 110).

See Laurent, Corpus V/1, 573-74; Fedalto, 215-17; Malamut, Iles, passim, esp. 232-36, 274-75, 311, 321, 338, 367, 499-500; ODB II, 1219.

 

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