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Leo bishop of Phokia (eleventh century)

Accession number BZS.1958.106.94
Diameter 19 mm
Field diameter 13 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 3, no. 29.1.

Laurent, Corpus V/1, no. 746.


Bust of the Virgin orans, the medallion of Christ before her. On either side the sigla: μ̅-θ̅ : Μ(ήτηρ) Θ(εοῦ). Border of dots.


Inscription of four lines, a cross above and a decoration below. Border of dots.


Θ(εοτό)κε β(οή)θ(ει) Λέοντι ἐισκόπ(ῳ) Φωκίας


Θεοτόκε βοήθει Λέοντι ἐισκόπῳ Φωκίας.

Mother of God, help Leo, bishop of Phokia.


The first known bishop of Phokaia (modern Foça, northwest of Smyrna) was attested in 451. This was a bishopric initially suffragan to Ephesos, then, in the mid-ninth century, detached and given to the newly created province of Smyrna. It will be contested again in the fourteenth century. See Laurent, Corpus V/1, 199; Culerrier, Suffragants d'Ephèse, 158 (episcopal list); Arhweiler, Smyrne, 82-84.