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E. Sint Nicolaas, Günsel Renda, and Duncan Bull (2003)

The Ambassador, the Sultan, and the Artist: An Audience in Istanbul

Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam. Rijksmuseum dossiers. (ISBN: 904008789X).

When the Dutch ambassador Cornelis Calkoen came to the Topkapi Palace in Istanbul to present his credentials to Sultan Ahmed III, he had this important event recorded by the painter Jean Baptiste Vanmour. Together with the many depictions of court dignitaries and genre pieces by Vanmour, these paintings provide a remarkable picture of life at the Ottoman court in the first half of the eighteenth century. The ambassador and the sultan / Eveline Sint Nicolas – The artist / Duncan Bull – The court and empire observed / Günsel Renda.

Ahmed III, Sultan of the Turks, 1673-1736 – Portraits – Exhibitions., Ambassadors in art – Exhibitions., Calkoen, Cornelis, 1696-1764 – Travels – Turkey – Exhibitions., Courts and courtiers in art – Exhibitions., Istanbul (Turkey) – History – 18th century – Pictorial works – Exhibitions., Sultans in art – Exhibitions., Turkey – Court and courtiers – Pictorial works., Turkey – History – Ahmed III, 1703-1730 – Pictorial works – Exhibitions., Vanmour, Jean-Baptiste, 1671-1737 – Exhibitions.