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George patrikios and strategos of Samosata (eleventh century)

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.1010
Diameter 30 mm
Field diameter 26 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 4, no. 69.1.


Bust of St. George with a spear and a shield. Vertical inscription: |.ε|ω-.|ι.|σ : Ὁ ἅ(γιος) [Γ]εώ[ργ]ι[ο]ς. Inscription along the upper circumference. Border of dots.


[Κ(ύρι)ε β]οήθει τῷ σῷ δούλ(ῳ)


Inscription of six lines, a decoration above. Border of dots.


Σφρ(α)γὶς Γεωργίου π(ατ)ρι(κίου) (καὶ) στρατιγ(οῦ) τῶ(ν) Σαμουσάτων


Κύριε βοήθει τῷ σῷ δούλῳ. Σφραγὶς Γεωργίου πατρικίου καὶ στρατιγοῦ τῶν Σαμουσάτων.

Lord, help your servant. The seal of George, patrikios and strategos of Samosata.


This must be the seal of George Maniakes. Honigmann; see Ostgrenze, 134-37. In 1032, he was the strategos of the towns close to the Euphrates and lived in Samosata (cf. Skylitzes, 387). The present specimen must date from this time period as it contains both types of the ligature ου, the traditional, , which prevailed until 1030, and the horseshoe type, , which first appears in 1032 (Dated Seals, 163), and becomes standard throughout the remainder of the eleventh century.

Today Samsat, Samosata was located northwest of Urfa. The medieval town lay on the north bank of the Euphrates and is to be distinguished from the Armenian Simsat situated to the east of Harput and usually mentioned in the singular (Asmosaton). Samosata fell to the Byzantines in 958 and is attested as the seat of a strategos or katepano (Listes, 360). See ODB III, 1836; Sinclair IV, 144.