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The proedros (metropolitan) of Nikomedeia (eighth century)

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.1038
Diameter 29 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 3, no. 83.10a.
Laurent, Corpus V/1, no. 375
Zacos-Veglery, no. 2993b.
Cf. Zacos-Veglery, no. 2293a.

Obverse

A cross within a cruciform frame adorned by pellets at each end. Within a double wreath border, a circular inscription.

...ΑΓΙΣΠΡΟΕΔΡΝΙΚΟΔΕΙΑΣΠΕΛ

Σφραγὶς προέδρου Νικομηδείας πέλω

Reverse

A four-lobed, vined tendril adorned with pellets in each quarter. The inscription is in the shape of a cross (intersecting at the Π), reading vertically: Τ|Υ|Π||Σ||ΣΥΜ. Reading horizontally: Β ΖΩΗΦΟΡ. All within a wreath border.

διττῶς ζωηφόρον τυποῦσα συμεῖον

Translation

Σφραγὶς προέδρου Νικομηδείας πέλω διττῶς ζωηφόρον τυποῦσα συμεῖον.

I am the seal of the proedros of Nikomedeia, representing the life-giving symbol in two ways.

Commentary

Dodecasyllabic, but the second verse is made of two six-syllables.

We read the first word of the second verse as διττῶς since the letter Β is normally used also for the numeral and can be read as "two" or "twice," etc.; it is followed by a small circle above the line, normally the abbreviation for -ος. Thus we assume that there is a spelling mistake, and we read the adverb διττῶς ("in two ways," a reading is closer to the epigraphy than διπλοῦν, proposed by Laurent but ignored by Zacos-Veglery).

Laurent placed the present specimen in the late tenth or early eleventh; Zacos-Veglery opted for the early eighth century on the basis of the epigraphy and the similarity in design to seals of that period (Zacos-Veglery, nos. 1460, 1637, and 3011). The combination of the cross and the metrical verses point to a date sometime during the first Iconoclasm (726-787).

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.1038
Diameter 29 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 3, no. 83.10a.
Laurent, Corpus V/1, no. 375
Zacos-Veglery, no. 2993b.
Cf. Zacos-Veglery, no. 2293a.

Notes

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.1038
Diameter 29 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 3, no. 83.10a.
Laurent, Corpus V/1, no. 375
Zacos-Veglery, no. 2993b.
Cf. Zacos-Veglery, no. 2293a.