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Leo kouboukleisios and dioiketes of Sinope [and Ionopolis?] (eleventh century)

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.1994
Diameter 17 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 4, no. 31.1.


Bust of a beardless saint (Eleutherios) holding a martyr's cross in his right hand. Vertical inscription: α|γ-λ|θε|ι : [Ὁ] ἅγ[ιος Ἐ]λ[ευ]θέ[ρ]ι[ος]. Border of dots.


Inscription of five lines, a decoration below. Border of dots.


Λέο[ν(τι)] κουβουκλ[ησ(ίῳ) (καὶ)] διυκη[τῇ] Σινόπ[ης (καὶ)] Ἰνουπ(ό)[λ(εως)].


Λέοντι κουβουκλησίῳ καὶ διυκητῇ Σινόπης καὶ Ἰνουπόλεως.

Leo, kouboukleisios and dioiketes of Sinope and of Ionopolis.


The title κουβουκλήσιος indicates that Leo was a cleric. The end of the inscription could contain a second place-name or the family name of Leo. We propose καὶ Οἰνουπόλεως in view of the port of Ionopolis (Inebolu) to the west of Sinope (cf. Belke, Paphlagonien und Honorias, [Vienna, 1996] 219-21), but a restoration τῷ Οἰνουπολίτῃ, indicating a person originating from Ionopolis, would be equally probable.

Sinope (the modern Sinop) is a port located on the Black Sea to the west of the Halys River. It is listed as a suffragan bishopric of Amaseia until the early fourteenth century. See ODB III, 1904; Bryer-Winfield, Pontos, 69-88; Mikra Asia them., 152-153; Laurent, Corpus V/1, 307. List of bishops in Fedalto, HEO I, 82-3.