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Leo anthypatos, patrikios, vestes and katepano of the Mardaïtai (tenth/eleventh century)

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.2125
Diameter 25 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 2, no. 70.1.

Obverse

Bust of St. Michael holding cross scepter and globus cruciger. Ρemnants of inscription: Χ|Α: Ὁ Μιχαήλ. Border of dots.

Reverse

Inscription of six lines. Border of dots.

ΛΕΟΝ
.ΝΘΥΠ.
Π̅ΡΙΕ.
.ΚΑΤΕΠ
ΝΜΑΡ..
ΙΤ

Λέον νθύπατος, πατρίκιος, βέστης καὶ κατεπάνω Μαρδαϊτῶν

Translation

Λέον ἀνθύπατος, πατρίκιος, βέστης καὶ κατεπάνω Μαρδαϊτῶν.

Leo anthypatos, patrikios, vestes and katepano of the Mardaïtai.

Commentary

The Mardaïtai were a Christian people originating in Lebanon, transferred by the Byzantines to the region of Attaleia and later to the western coastline of Greece, who became famous as sailors (ODB II, 1297). In Attaleia, they were placed under the separate command of a katepano appointed directly by the emperor and retained some independence from the strategos of the Kibyrraiotai; such katepano were the owners of the two specimens published below, the first of which shows that this institution survived until the 10th/11th century. See De Adm. Imp., chap. 50, lines 169ff; Commentary, 192-93; Ahrweiler, Mer, 50, 108ff, 399-400; Zacos, Seals II, nos. 331, 901; Hr. Bartikian, "Ἡ λύση τοῦ αἰνίγματος τῶν Μαρδαϊτῶν," Byzantium. Tribute to Andreas N. Stratos I (Athens, 1986), 17-39; Kühn, Armee, 160-63. It is possible that the Mardaïtaiof Nikopolis were also under the command of a katepano (DO Seals 2, § 2).

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.2125
Diameter 25 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 2, no. 70.1.

Notes

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.2125
Diameter 25 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 2, no. 70.1.

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