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Arabic seal (tenth/eleventh century)

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.3740
Diameter 23 mm
Condition Overstruck.


Arabic inscription in one line. Wreath border.

رعيت[ه] لله


Arabic inscription in one line. Wreath border.

والمس[يح] ؟


رعيته لله. والمس[يح] ؟

Parish/Flock of God. And the messiah (?)


This is a strange seal; it seems more like a token. Even though there is a channel, the seal does not seem to record a name, but some sort of Arabic religious formula. The word رعية can have both a Christian ("parish") and Islamic meaning ("flock" for God or God's allotment to humans). Additionally, the seal is overstruck, rendering the sides worn, and making it likely that some letters are cut off.