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Anthony II Kauleas, patriarch of Constantinople (893–901)

Accession number BZS.1958.106.309 (formerly DO 58.106.309)
Diameter 36 mm
Field diameter 31 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 6, no. 114.1; Zacos, Seals 2: no. 9b; Laurent, Corpus 5.3: no. 1628. Cf. Galavaris, “Thokos,” no. 5 (p. 173).


The Mother of God standing, holding Christ in her left arm. Circular inscription ending in a star. Border of dots.


Θεοτόκε βοήθει


Inscription of five lines preceded and followed by decoration. Border of dots.

· ·

Ἀντωνίῳ ἀρχιεπισκόπῳ Κωνσταντινουπόλεως Νέας Ῥώμης.


Θεοτόκε βοήθει Ἀντωνίῳ ἀρχιεπισκόπῳ Κωνσταντινουπόλεως Νέας Ῥώμης.

Mother of God, help Anthony, archbishop [patriarch] of Constantinople, the New Rome.


Anthony II is a saint both of the Orthodox and the Roman Church. He entered a monastery at age twelve and later became hegoumenos, earning a reputation for assistance to the poor. After the death of Patriarch Stephanos I in May of 893, Anthony was enthroned as his successor the following August. He devoted himself to restoring harmony within the Church. One of his great accomplishments was to renew ties between the Church and Stylianos Mapas, metropolitan of Neokaisareia, and members of his anti-Photian party, a move that promoted peaceful relations between Constantinople and the Church of Rome. His feastday is 12 February. It was celebrated, according to the Synaxarion of Constantinople, “in his monastery,” a structure variously referred to as the monastery τοῦ Καλέα, τοῦ Καλέως, or τοῦ Καλλίου. The last spelling appears on an eleventh-century seal that belonged to the monastery τοῦ Καλλίου and bears a depiction, with an identifying inscription, of St. Anthony, archbishop of Constantinople. He is shown raising his right hand in blessing and holding a book in his left. The monastery’s church was of reputedly lavish decoration. For a detailed discussion of the saint’s life and career see Cotsonis–Nesbitt, “Antony II Kauleas,” 517–21.