You are here:Home/Resources/ Byzantine Seals/ Search the Catalogue/ Leontios hypatos and kommerkiarios of Chaldia (ninth/tenth century)

Leontios hypatos and kommerkiarios of Chaldia (ninth/tenth century)

Accession number BZS.1958.106.4356
Diameter 19 mm
Condition Broken at both ends of the channel, which runs from ten to four o'clock.
Previous Editions

DO Seals 4, no. 32.23.


Patriarchal cross on three (?) steps. Circular inscription, beginning at seven o'clock. Border of dots.


Κ(ύρι)ε βοήθη τῷ σῷ δούλῳ


Inscription of five lines. Border of dots.


Λεοντήο ὑπά[τ]ῳ (καὶ) κομερκιαρί(ῳ) Χ[αλ]δ(ίας)


Κύριε βοήθη τῷ σῷ δούλῳ Λεοντήο ὑπάτῳ καὶ κομερκιαρίῳ Χαλδίας.

Lord, help your servant Leontios, hypatos and kommerkiarios of Chaldia.


Originally a tourma of the Armeniakoi, Chaldia is mentioned as a doukaton late in the eighth and early in the ninth century (Konstantopoulos, no. 158a; Zacos-Veglery, nos. 3088A, 3226A). It is not impossible that at this time Chaldia was still part of the Armeniakoi and that its commander could have been called doux of the Armeniakoi (meaning of one part of the theme of the Armeniakoi, i.e. Chaldia). The theme of Chaldia was created in the ninth century, perhaps as early as 824 and no later than 840. It comprised the regions of the Pontos along the southeastern shores of the Black Sea; its administrative center was Trebizond. Because of the important trade routes to Trebizond, the strategos of Chaldia drew half his salary from the state (10 pounds of gold annually) and half from the revenues of the kommerkion. See Listes, 349; Bryer-Winfield, Pontos, 299-318 (316-318, list of officers); Pertusi, De Them., 73, 137-39; Mikra Asia them., 287-297, 459-468 (A. Savvides).